Finite Element Analysis offers data to predict how a seal product will function under sure circumstances and may help identify areas the place the design may be improved without having to test a quantity of prototypes.
Here we explain how our engineers use FEA to design optimum sealing options for our buyer purposes.
Why will we use Finite Element Analysis (FEA)?

Our engineers encounter many crucial sealing purposes with complicating influences. Envelope measurement, housing limitations, shaft speeds, pressure/temperature rankings and chemical media are all utility parameters that we should contemplate when designing a seal.
In isolation, the impression of those application parameters is fairly straightforward to predict when designing a sealing solution. However, when you compound a selection of these factors (whilst typically pushing a few of them to their higher restrict when sealing) it is essential to predict what’s going to happen in actual application conditions. Using FEA as a tool, our engineers can confidently design after which manufacture robust, reliable, and cost-effective engineered sealing options for our customers.
Finite Element Analysis (FEA) permits us to understand and quantify the consequences of real-world situations on a seal part or meeting. It can be used to establish potential causes where sub-optimal sealing performance has been observed and can be used to guide the design of surrounding elements; especially for products corresponding to diaphragms and boots where contact with adjoining parts could need to be avoided.
The software program additionally allows force knowledge to be extracted so that compressive forces for static seals, and friction forces for dynamic seals can be accurately predicted to help prospects in the last design of their products.
How can we use FEA?

Starting with a 2D or 3D mannequin of the initial design concept, we apply the boundary circumstances and constraints provided by a customer; these can embody strain, drive, temperatures, and any applied displacements. A suitable finite factor mesh is overlaid onto the seal design. This ensures that the areas of most interest return accurate results. We can use larger mesh sizes in areas with much less relevance (or lower ranges of displacement) to minimise the computing time required to unravel the model.
Material properties are then assigned to the seal and hardware components. Most sealing supplies are non-linear; the quantity they deflect under an increase in force varies relying on how giant that pressure is. This is unlike the straight-line relationship for many metals and inflexible plastics. ไดอะแฟรม ซีล complicates the material model and extends the processing time, but we use in-house tensile test services to accurately produce the stress-strain materials models for our compounds to ensure the evaluation is as consultant of real-world performance as attainable.
What occurs with the FEA data?

The evaluation itself can take minutes or hours, depending on the complexity of the half and the vary of working circumstances being modelled. Behind the scenes in the software program, many lots of of thousands of differential equations are being solved.
pressure gauge octa are analysed by our experienced seal designers to determine areas the place the design could be optimised to match the specific requirements of the applying. Examples of these necessities may include sealing at very low temperatures, a have to minimise friction ranges with a dynamic seal or the seal might have to resist high pressures with out extruding; whatever sealing system properties are most important to the client and the appliance.
Results for the finalised proposal could be offered to the customer as force/temperature/stress/time dashboards, numerical knowledge and animations showing how a seal performs all through the evaluation. This information can be used as validation data in the customer’s system design process.
An instance of FEA

Faced with very tight packaging constraints, this buyer requested a diaphragm part for a valve utility. By using FEA, we had been able to optimise the design; not only of the elastomer diaphragm itself, but in addition to suggest modifications to the hardware parts that interfaced with it to extend the obtainable house for the diaphragm. This kept materials stress levels low to take away any risk of fatigue failure of the diaphragm over the lifetime of the valve.