Water mist know-how continues to be a relatively new idea in phrases of hearth suppression, yet it’s proving to be an exciting growth within the industry. As the industry evolves, so do the laws, legal guidelines and requirements to be able to enhance security and allow improvement. These can vary largely from nation to nation, and even area to region.
The means during which a water mist system operates is a similar mechanism to the traditional sprinkler system in that the nozzles are often activated through a bulb which blows at a specific temperature permitting for the activation of the mist through a low-pressure water piping system.
Here we have a look at how some water mist nozzles are produced and put in – from arriving as a big ‘bar’ of metallic, to turning into the environment friendly water mist nozzles we see installed in lots of new projects/developments throughout a lot of the globe today.
The steel arrives for chopping
Here at Dual Mist Ltd, Stainless Steel 304 is used for a lot of components as this can be very durable and corrosion resistant in comparability to other related metals. The physique is machined out of Brass CZ121, which arrives as giant bars of metal which would possibly be delivered to the warehouse in 3m lengths. This is then reduce into two smaller elements able to insert into the machine. Not all water mist corporations have the ability to machine the elements they require in-house though it can prove very beneficial for price and production purposes as we are about to see.
The metal is fed to a Nakamura WT150 CNC lathe. This high-performance Japanese machine software is provided with carbide tooling and high-pressure via coolant systems, with the twin-spindle and twin-turret making haste of the otherwise difficult parts. A Citizen M532 Sliding Head Lathe is used for the smaller elements.
A Citizen L12 additionally makes the filters with a capability of drilling 365 holes in 51 seconds, fully automated – this implies it could turnover an unbelievable four,000 filters in a weekend completely unmanned.
The brass heads are additionally de-burred on the machine, eradicating all sharp edges earlier than being polished and sent for Electroless Nickel Plating. This offers a corrosion-proof coating to the brass, enabling it to become much more sturdy. All elements are then inspected for dimensional accuracy before the assembly stage.
This Technifor Laser machine engraves every nozzle in preparation for the testing stages.
There are many small parts of varied styles and sizes that make up the nozzle – In the DM4R nozzle, (as seen on the leak-testing pic) there are a complete of thirteen elements or ‘components’. These components are then meticulously put together and assembled by the manufacturing group requiring a fair quantity of labour earlier than the ultimate product is achieved. Various phases include tightening with specifically tailored tools, pressing using a hand-press and using a selected ‘Locktite’ formulation at some stages which is a threadlock that stops fixings from coming loose during the operational lifetime of the product. The ultimate stage of meeting is fastidiously loading the bulb and making use of the proper load to it utilizing a torque wrench.
The assembled nozzles are then positioned on one other machine so as to be labelled and uniquely identified utilizing a serial quantity. At Dual Mist Ltd that is accomplished on a Technifor Laser Engraver fitted with a 4th axis unit earlier than they’re able to be placed by way of the various phases of testing.
Cull Testing
Also generally known as bubble testing in layman’s phrases, this take a look at is to ensure no harm has occurred to the bulb throughout assembly and is a critical check for LPCB approval. The check entails using a high-powered microscope to measure the dimensions of the bubble in each bulb earlier than inserting in warm water in order to shrink the size of the bubble to nothing. Once เพรสเชอร์เกจ is checked, the nozzles are then left to relaxation and return to room temperature before the bubble is measured once once more in order to ensure it has returned to the original size within a small tolerance.
Leak Testing
Every nozzle can be stringently tested for leaks by making use of 24-bar strain for 1 hour and making certain no water has escaped. It is uncommon for any leaks on the manufacturing line, but this is an extremely vital stage of the testing as leaks might happen if filth is trapped within the seal face.
Activation Testing
On a month-to-month foundation, random nozzles are also tested for activation by inserting the nozzle on a stress jig at numerous pressures and making use of heat to the bulbs. The nozzles should all activate cleanly across the complete strain range specified to that nozzle.
A member of the production staff uses a microscope and software program to find out the size of each bubble within the bulb.
At Dual Mist Ltd, these tests usually are not simply to guarantee the quality of the manufacturing line however are additionally an important a half of the LPCB Approval. These approvals enable prospects to recognise that the merchandise they are shopping for are made to the highest attainable high quality standard within the area.
The drawback to this is that the Approval Testing system may be both pricey and time-consuming – generally needing to be booked a number of months in advance and requiring years of onerous work to attain.
The nozzles produced by Dual Mist have been put via their paces at BRE Global by way of each fireplace testing and component/type approval.
Tamper proofing
In order to ensure that no one is tempted to interfere with the grub screw holding the bulb, a small plastic bung is pressed into the grub screw. The pressure load setting on the bulb is then subsequently mounted.
The nozzles are then able to be packaged and despatched off for set up.
Here is an instance of a management panel having been installed in The Claridges Hotel, London, UK. This is the place the system is operated.
Rather than having to make use of the heavy and labour-intensive steel pipes typically used in high-pressure techniques, low-pressure water systems can use CPVC piping. This is a particular type of fire-resistant plastic enabling quick installation. Instead of threading every pipe, a heated glue can be used to shortly build giant pipe networks. These networks are approved to handle up to 12 bar pressure. The nozzles are screwed into a particular pipe adaptor utilizing a half-inch gas fitting.
An electric management panel is fitted for the system management together with pumps and a water tank, often with a mains feed.
The system is tested, signed off and handed over to the shopper.
The final product as quickly as put in. This shows how we anticipate to see the nozzles as quickly as a project has been accomplished.
As we will see there are numerous phases to go from steel to nozzle head with every nozzle taking a significant effort by various professionals to complete to the accredited normal.
Not only do water mist nozzles require multiple phases of machining and assembling, they want to also endure a string of exams to have the ability to be permitted for set up. Once put in, there are even further tests undergone, generally by third-party organisations in order for the whole fireplace suppression system to finally be handed over to the consumer.
Water mist expertise assures safety, high quality and assurance via the stringent testing that’s required.
With the latest publication of water mist standards, significantly in Britain over current years, building developers can now be assured that the quality required for water mist techniques is now at an equivalent normal to different suppression systems.
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